Heat Exchanger 5 Leak Analysis in PPSDM Migas

Authors

  • Rahmanto Widiyantoro PPSDM MIGAS

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37525/mz/2022-2/401

Abstract

PPSDM Migas has an oil refinery with a capacity of 600 m3 per day where the crude oil produced will produce various products, such as pertasol CA, pertasol CB, pertasol CC, naphtha, diesel, and residue. One of the operating units used in this production process is a heat exchanger which aims to minimize the use of fuel in the furnace heating process. Of the five heat exchangers in the field, one of the heat exchangers was damaged, namely HE-05. Therefore, an analysis of the causes of damage to HE-05 was carried out with research methods in the form of field studies and literature studies, such as data collection on operating conditions in the Distributed Control System (DCS) and directly in the field using the Piping & Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID) so that it can calculate overall mechanical energy balance.

Based on the results of the analysis, it can be concluded that the water content in crude oil exceeds the threshold (< 0.7%) of 5.5%. High water content will affect the steam fraction of crude oil which results in an increase in operating pressure. Then, the safety valve on the stabilizer did not work so that the gasket of the HE-5 was unable to withstand the high pressure in this incident. In addition, inaccurate pressure and temperature sensor readings cause operator delays in dealing with these incidents.

 

Keywords: Crude oil, heat exchanger, water content

References

J. M. Smith, H. C. Van Ness, and M. M. Abbott. Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics 7th Edition, McGraw Hill Professional, 2005.

Geankoplis, Christie J. Transport processes and separation process principles:(includes unit operations). Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference, 2003.

Seborg, Dale E., Duncan A. Mellichamp, Thomas F. Edgar, and Francis J. Doyle III. Process dynamics and control. John Wiley & Sons, 2010.

Setiyono, Laboratorium Kilang PPSDM Migas Cepu, Jawa Tengah, 2020.

PPT PPSDM Migas Cepu, Profil PPSDM Migas Cepu, Jawa Tengah, 2020.

Published

2022-11-30

How to Cite

Rahmanto Widiyantoro. (2022). Heat Exchanger 5 Leak Analysis in PPSDM Migas. Jurnal Nasional Pengelolaan Energi MigasZoom, 4(2), 37–48. https://doi.org/10.37525/mz/2022-2/401